Corn Snake Facts and Information

Corn Snake Facts and Information

Corn snakes, also known as Red Rat snakes, are members of the species Pantherophis guttatus (formerly known as Elaphe gutatta gutatta). Corn snakes are one of the most popular reptiles for pets due to their very mild temperament and relative ease of care. Corn snakes come in a variety of different morphs, colors and patterns. Most wild corns or captive bred normal varieties have colors that include various shades of red, orange, brown and black. The “normal” pattern is a series of blotches along the sides and back of the corn snake that are outlined in black. This coloration and pattern can be quite variable, however. Genetic mutations of the basic wild corn have been discovered and bred into modern captive bred corn snakes to produce amazingly different colorations and patterns. The wild population of corn snakes is native to the southern states of the USA. Many different varieties are named according to the area where original breeding stock was captured in the wild. Two examples include Miami Corn Snakes, which originated in Southern Florida, and Okeetee, which originated near the Okeetee Hunt Club in North Carolina. Corn snakes are colubrids, so they are closely related to rat snakes, milk snakes, and king snakes. Now, most corn snakes come from captive breeding. They are about 8 – 12 inches when newly hatched, and can grow to be about four to six feet in length in as little as two years.